Beautiful School gardens in Tawau Division :
Tawau, Semporna, Kunak, Lahad Datu

Beautiful Schools in Tawau.

Schools with a positive atmosphere for learning. Schools with high spirit and a sense of belonging for both teachers and students.


SM ST. PATRICK TAWAU


SMK Kuhara


Sabah Chinese High School


Yuk Chin Primary School


SMK Abaka


SMK Ursula


SMK Tawau

Yuk Chin Herb Garden
TAMAN HERBA


Creating Herb Gardens
Inspiring Aromatic Adventures

Herbs arouse kids' curiosity and interest because they thoroughly engage the senses. What better motivator for student investigations than plants that feel cool, smell great, and can turn mere tomatoes into pizza sauce? Their life stories, it turns out, are fascinating too. After all, these humble plants were early humans' first medicines, food preservatives, and cosmetics. And that's just the beginning.

The word "herb" conjures up visions of soothing teas or the green flecks in spaghetti sauce, but just what is an herb? Some people define it as any plant or plant part used as an ingredient for flavor, fragrance, or healing. Spices, it seems, could fit the same bill. Here's the difference: Herbs are usually defined as plants of temperate climates whose leaves are harvested for use. Spices, on the other hand, tend to be of tropical origin; we use their roots (ginger), fruits (vanilla pods), flowers (cloves), seeds (pepper), or bark (cinnamon). They both differ from other plants in that they contain some active ingredient that is useful to us. But the real role of these adaptations is to help a plant survive in its environment that is, to defend against being eaten!

These aromatic plants can be a fascinating focus for a growing classroom. They're easy to raise and have a multitude of uses. Many also offer sustenance to pollinators. Consider using an herb garden to stimulate senses and investigations, bring literature to life, or inspire craft projects. It can also become a lens for studying people/plant connections in different historical eras or regions

 

Materials

If you don't have an herb plot in your schoolyard, consider raising them in outdoor containers or windowboxes, or even in the classroom under lights or on windowsills. Select from the following materials accordingly.

gardening tools (forks, shovels, rakes)
herb seeds, plants, or plant parts (see Herb Growing Chart, below)
large containers with drainage holes
seed-starting containers, soilless planting mix, fluorescent lights


Creating Herb Gardens

Plan the vision
Wherever you're raising herbs outdoors in the garden or containers, or in the classroom you and your students should consider what role you want them to play. Do you imagine mingling the fragrant plants with vegetables and flowers or creating separate bed or container just for herbs? Do you envision planting a medley of herbs to stimulate visitors' senses? Are you drawn to having a special theme for your herb planting? Here are a few thematic ideas to spark your thinking:

Herbal vinegars (or salad dressing) - Good plants for these products include tarragon, chives, basil, dill, rosemary, thyme, and lemon balm.

Colonial herbs - Students can have fun learning how herbs were used in "olden" times. For instance, rosemary was believed to calm naughty children and sage was used to color gray hair! Thyme, oregano, parsley, and savory might also be found in the Colonial garden.

Spaghetti herbs - Consider raising culinary herbs necessary for this children's favorite: basil, oregano, parsley, garlic. (Fennel imparts a great flavor, too!)

Herbal teas - Students may want to dry, bag, and sell their own herb teas, or simply enjoy drinking them. Chamomile, lemon balm, peppermint, and spearmint are good (and safe) candidates.

Peter Rabbit herb garden - Inspired by this favorite story, your students might grow some of the herbs it mentions: mint, rosemary, sage, hyssop, camomile, tansy, lavender, lemon balm.

Fragrant herbs - Consider these particularly aromatic candidates: basils, rosemary, mints, lavender, thymes, lemon verbena, oregano, chamomile, savory.

Container herbs - If you plan to raise herbs in containers, you might try these easy-to-grow plants: thymes, mints, parsley, basils, sage, marjoram, oregano.


Prepare the soil
Most herb plants require similar growing conditions: a minimum of six hours of sunlight per day and moderately rich soil with good drainage. To improve the soil structure and drainage, your students should use garden forks or shovels to loosen the soil to a depth of 8 to 12 inches before planting. If you are planting in an area with nutrient-poor, dry, heavy, or poorly-drained soil, add some organic matter, such as compost, before planting. Rake the soil to form a fine, even bed, which is particularly important if you're growing herbs from seed.


Plant seeds, plants, or parts
Herbs may be annuals, started from seed each year, as is basil; biennials, requiring two seasons of growth, as does parsley; or perennials, which grow back year after year, like thyme. Generally, you should plant annual and biennial herbs from seed directly in the garden or in containers indoors (to transplant), or buy seedlings. (Your students can save seed produced by their herb plants for next year's crop.) You'll want to buy or get donations of perennial herb plants or propagate them from cuttings or divisions. The Herb Growing Chart, below, highlights the best ways to start different herbs.

Starting from seed - If you want to get a jump on the season, you can start herb seeds indoors under lights or on sunny windowsills and later transplant them to the garden. Use the same types of containers and soilless potting mix that you would use for other indoor seedlings. To encourage healthy seedlings, keep soil mix uniformly moist until seeds germinate, keep lights 3 to 6 inches above the plants, and water seedlings thoroughly when the mix is dry to the touch. Herb seeds tend to be small, so whether you're starting them indoors or in the garden, you'll plant them fairly shallowly (see seed packets for planting depths).

Before you move seedlings outdoors, "harden" them off to get them accustomed to harsher outdoor conditions. Do this by setting them outside for progressively longer periods each day, starting with a few hours and increasing to a full day over the course of a week or so.

Starting from plants or plant parts - You can purchase many herbs from nurseries as young plants, or dig up shoots or sections of mature perennial plants in the spring. Some herbs can also be started from stem cuttings. To do this, snip healthy stems 3 to 6 inches from the growing tip. Remove leaves from the lower half of the cutting, and plant the cutting in a soilless mix indoors or in moist sand in a shady outdoor area. Water it gently and cover the container with a plastic bag until new top growth appears. Keep cuttings out of direct sun so they don't overheat in their plastic-bag "greenhouse."

How you lay out your planting will depend on the plants you choose and on your theme. Herbs, like most plants, stay healthier if there's good air circulation, so space them to allow for the mature size of each plant. (Catalogs, seed packets, and nursery containers give spacing requirements.)


Harvest!
You can harvest most herbs continually as soon as the plant has enough foliage to sustain growth. Harvest herbs grown for seeds, such as dill, caraway, and coriander, as the fruits change color from green to brown or gray but before they scatter to the ground. If students want to dry herbs to use or sell as cooking ingredients, they should spread them in a single layer on trays or screens, or hang them in bundles using rubber bands to hold the stems together. Place the herbs in a dark, well-ventilated place until they are completely dry. Store them in the dark in airtight containers.


 


Herbs can be traced back into the times of the ancient Egyptians and the ancient Chinese. There are also references in the Bible and medieval documents that show herbs were used by most households. Growing herbs is something that is very beneficial to gardeners for several different purposes. Herbs may be used to flavor food, for potpourri, for tea, for medical purposes or to even control pests in the garden. Herb gardens can be specialized towards one of these specific areas or a mixture of a few different purposes. They can also be grown in a garden with other species of plants or in containers indoors.

Herb gardens can be grown in different ways such as an indoor herb garden in the kitchen or a small plot in the garden. A small plot of four feet by six feet is a large enough area to support a small family. Although a popular use for herbs are for cooking known as culinary herbs, they are also grown for their aromatic foliage and some for the beauty of their flowers. They can be used fresh or dried. Some herbs are used as garnish for plates or salads while other types of herbs can be used to perk up the flavor of a dish.

Like all other plants herbs grow as annuals, perennials, shrubs, and trees. When planting herbs, you should use well-drained soil. If you find that your soil is heavy or compacted, you can add organic matter to it. Fertilizers are not necessary either. Most herbs prefer a sunny location although a few prefer full shade. Many herbs will grow well with afternoon shade. Amazingly, very few diseases or insects attack herbs. Sometimes in dry, hot weather red spider mites can be found on low-growing plants and aphids may attach dill, caraway, anise, or fennel. Rust can also affect mint.

Herbs can be bought and planted into a home garden or they can be grown from seeds. It is an honor and a joy to be able to see a plant be grown from a single seed. You are able to enjoy every step of the process from birth to death in a respect. When growing a plant like an herb from a seed the experience is all the more rewarding because herbs are so useful. Almost all herbs can be grown from a seed. Seeds should be placed in a shallow pot or box in the late winter. Use a light, well-drained soil to grown your seeds in. Since herbs do not have a deep root base, make sure not to cover the seeds too much with the soil. They should be planted shallow. Follow the rule: the finer the seed, the shallower it should be sown. You can transplant the seedlings to the outdoors in the spring. Although most herbs can be grown from seeds, some herbs do not transplant well. Herbs like dill, fennel, anise, and coriander should be planted directly into the garden.

Although growing herbs in a home garden is extremely easy and worthwhile, there is a lot of information you need to know and understand about herbs. This article has given you a lift and now it is time to complete the journey with more information. And you can find all of the information you need right here! Good Luck!

More about Mushroom.

More about Chinese Herbs and Herb Soup
 


Welcome to our School Herb Garden

Biota Orientalis L. Endl.

Clerodendrum fortunatum Talinum Paniculatum Gaerth Rhoeodiscolor (L'Her) Hance.
Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth Oxalis Corniculata L. Cordyline Fruticosa, Agavacae Zebrina Pendula Schnizl
     
Ophiopogo japonicus      

 

 September 09, 2014 11:48:26 AM

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