Updated on Wednesday, 27 September, 2017 10:29:48 PM



Regatta Lepa-Lepa

Two beautiful LEPA boats in Semporna

Haji Sanungan Bin Imam Bulungan,
Pulau Omadal Utara

Si Tuan Abisa
Sg. Tampi, Timbogan

The Bajau community on the East Coast of Sabah have a very unique lifestyle – They live on Lepa and only come ashore for food, water supply and during this LEPA festival.

LEPA : In Sabah East Coast Bajau community dialect, lepa means "boat". The lepa boat is a cultural legacy inherited by Bajau  people from many generations ago. The existence of lepa is believed to originate from the fishing community who live in Bum Bum Island and used by the Pa'alau people along the coast of Semporna.

One can see the Sea Bajau (Bajau Laut) fish on the clear and shallow water of Semporna. The live in their boats on the sea most of their life. Present day, some groups have settled on tiny islands.

From an event observed only by the sea gypsies of Sabah, the Regatta Lepa Semporna is now an official state festival; an important agenda in the national tourism calendar.


More about the Sea Bajau of Borneo : THE BAJAU OF SABAH

Judging the most beautiful LEPA Every one is excited as the colorful sails take to the sea to compete for the prize of the most beautiful lepa. This is judged based on its decoration, local ethnic music and dances performed on board, sambulayang (sails) and tipas-tipas (small flags). Points are awarded based on decorations, the intricacies of the carvings and designs, ethic music, regalia and traditional dances performed on board.

Highlight of LEPA : The high light of LEPA event is to choose the most dazzling Lepa from the beautifully, colorfully adorned boats which are lined up at the waterfront.
On the decks are smiling dancers and musicians dressed in equally colorful traditional attires.

Other attractions in Regatta LEPA : include sea sports such as rowboat, sailing and kelleh-kelleh (small dugout boat) competitions, lepa tug of war, and duck catching competition. Colorful cultural night performance.

Regatta Lepa 18

Regatta Lepa 16

Regatta Lepa 17

Regatta Lepa 18 Regatta Lepa 23
2009 2010 2011 2016


Bajau Dance

Regatta Lepa













Sambulayang sails
Tipas-tipas flags

Forum in Malay : http://forum.clickstartplay.com

Forum in Chinese : http://www.e-sabah.com

"Continuous publicity by the government through the federal and state tourism ministry, as well as the private sector, has raised the festival's popularity to a reputable level,"

Datuk Sri Nasir Tun Sakaran.
during the launch of the 18th Regatta Lepa Festival

22th April 2011

"The Regatta Lepa-Lepa is an annual event held to highlight the Bajau community. More specifically, it highlights the age-old seafaring East Coast Bajau’s strong skills in boat craftsmanship."

WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature)

Sambulayang Sails -
A brightly colored
Bajau flag.

The lepa boats are heavily decorated with colorful sambulayang in contrasting combinations of red and other bright colors. Traditionally in red, white and black.

The colorful sails are made from medium weight cotton.

Sambulayang is raised on special occasions like weddings, national day celebrations, welcome State leaders and Regatta LEPA.

This decorative sails hang from a 5 to 7 meters tall T-framed mast topped with a ceremonial umbrella to symbolize sheltering of inhabitants from sun and rain.

Flags, banners and buntings are strung from the bowsprit and cross members from front to stern fluttering gaily in the breeze.





Sambulayang Sails





Boat Craftsmanship

The skills to make a Lepa-Lepa are passed down from generation to generation with fathers teaching their sons and grandsons and so on.

The Bajau feel that this is their identity and heritage that needs to be instilled in the hearts of their descendents.

  This is a legacy that must never be left behind even in the construction of a modern Malaysia.







Needlework Skills Needlework Skills

The Bajau are skillful in weaving and needlework.

Young Bajau girls design and make their own traditional headgear which is worn during auspicious occasion such as Regatta Lepa-Lepa festival.

JANGGAY (metal "fingernails," )

JANGGAY (metal "fingernails," )
sed to emphasize the dancer’s hand movements.

The dancer uses janggay, the ornamented metal nails to enhance graceful hand movements accentuated by the shoulder and sensuous hip movements.

More about Bajau Dance

Daling-Daling Igal (Bajau Dance)

Igal (Bajau Dance)
A "fingernail" dance showing dancer's  flexibility and maneuvering ability in the elbow, wrist, and shoulder.

Bajau dance usually presented during formal festivities such as weddings.

A Bajau Dance with both male and female dancers is called Daling-Daling.


Regatta Lepa-Lepa

During each year's Regatta Lepa-Lepa the mose happening location are the  two main attraction spots of the  celebration –

1) The Seafest Hotel pier where the traditional boats were docked

2) The Semporna town padang, where a concert stage and some traditional houses were built.


The Regatta Lepa has been celebrated every year since 1994 to commemorate the Bajau tradition of building these splendid boats.

First held in 1994 as a district-level event before being upgraded into Sabah state festival in 2003.

Regatta Lepa is now an Malaysia national event in water festival.

The Bajau seafarers' proud maritime heritage came alive in this annual festival of Regatta LEPA, featuring their LRPA boats, with participants dancing at the helm of their boats, decorated in full color.

The event attracted thousands each year.

In East Coast of Sabah, "lepa" means "boat" - the traditional houseboat of the seagoing Bajau Laut. Lepa cultural legacy is inherited by Bajau people from many many generations ago. The existence of Lepa boat is believed to originate from the Bajau fishing community. Generations ago, the Lepa-Lepa were created solely as a mode of transportation for the Bajau. Communication was close to none for the people at that time as they could barely travel and knew not of modern amenities. They led a humble existence, living to survive. The sea was the provider of their food and the sole bridge to neighboring islands.

This  three-day cultural festival Regatta Lepa held annually in Semporna is a celebration of the lepa lifestyle, which nowadays has been replaced by village dwelling and engine-driven houseboats.

Both village dwelling and engine-driven houseboats are social developments that began in the 1950s. However, the lepa has remained a cultural symbol, so much so that in the mid-1990s, local politicians came up with the idea of a cultural event revolving around the boat as the emblem of a way of life.

Organized by the Semporna Pejabat Daerah (Semporna District Office) and well in tune with Sabah State’s official policy, the Regatta Lepa soon became an event with a political dimension to it.

The Regatta Lepa festival opens with the arrival of various boats from different villages, headed by the village leader known as OT.

On that day, these beautiful LEPA boats dot the dock of Semporna side by side shimmering in all their glory.

The highlight of the Regatta Lepa includes a competition of the most beautiful Lepa-Lepa based on the boat's decoration, local ethnic music and traditional dances performed on board.

The night embraces colorful cultural dances performed by the Bajau.

Lepa Boat

Every year, the Regatta Lepa's pivotal event is the showcasing and parading of the lepa boats. In the course of Friday afternoon, the moorage place slowly turns from a quiet and sleepy pier into a colorful and lively beehive: the more boats moor, the more visitors flock together.

The whole afternoon is one big dramatic audio-visual arc: the colorfully decorated lepas, arriving one by one, are manned by families dressed in equally colorful traditional costumes, and on every boat, a complete kulintangan ensemble is playing at all times.

Some of them will be moving at any given time, which yields an interesting aural effect. A dancer, usually one of the family’s teenage daughters, is dancing on each lepa prow.


Lepa and kumpit boats in Regatta Lepa


Lepa Boats Kumpit Boats
The traditional "lepa," a Bajau Laut houseboat is about 8m long and measures 1.5m wide at the center, where it is widest.

Very flat and often equipped with outriggers, it glides smoothly over the sea, but is not a great fit for boat engines.

For this reason, it nowadays often is replaced by the "kumpit," a slightly larger boat that is used in lieu of the lepa in daily affairs.

There are two types of boats made by the Bajau:

  • The Kumpit (Sappit), is a bigger boat used mainly as a mode of transportation and when fishing in the deep sea.

  • The Lepa-Lepa boats are smaller in size and usually seen at ceremonies like the Regatta, weddings and other religious occasions.


Lepa- Lepa is still widely used today among the Bajau. It is mainly used to transport, travel when fishing and to relay the religion of Islam to others. Islam was first introduced to the Bajau in the early 17th century. When the Bajau adopted this religion and its way of living, they translated its teachings onto their boats in the form of carvings.

Few actually knew that the carvings on the Lepa-Lepa were of specific excerpts from the Quran. These carvings are similarly found on Muslim gravestones and at the pulpit in the mosques. The Bajau people used this concept to share Muslim teachings with those who lived around them. These carvings are unique to the Bajau and are deeply rooted in their religious history.


The traditional lepa way of life that the   Regatta Lepa celebrates each year might, for most Bajau Laut, be a thing of the past, a nostalgic reminiscence of their recent forefathers’ world, characterized by single boats scattered over a vast water surface.

Fifty years earlier, kulintangan music was a means to reach people on other boats; the sound of gongs carries much farther over water than a human voice possibly can.

Although the lepa boats, as these people’s only living space, have become a rare sight as the Bajau Laut celebrate the 16th Regatta Lepa, the kulintangan ensemble's music remains a communication form that is as nostalgia-laden as it is natural, and as evocative of the past as it is a part of the present.

Kulintang is a modern term for an ancient instrumental form of music composed on a row of small, horizontally-laid gongs that function melodically, accompanied by larger, suspended gongs and drums.

As part of the larger gong-chime culture of Southeast Asia, kulintang music ensembles have been playing for many centuries in regions of the Eastern Malay Archipelago — the Southern Philippines, Eastern Indonesia, Eastern Malaysia, Brunei and Timor,[6] although this article has a focus on the Philippine Kulintang traditions of the Maranao and Maguindanao peoples in particular.

Kulintang evolved from a simple native signaling tradition, and developed into its present form with the incorporation of knobbed gongs from Sunda.[5]

Its importance stems from its association with the indigenous cultures that inhabited these islands prior to the influences of Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity or the West, making Kulintang the most developed tradition of Southeast Asian archaic gong-chime ensembles.

Technically, kulintang is the Maguindanao, Ternate and Timor term for the idiophone of metal gong kettles which are laid horizontally upon a rack to create an entire kulintang set.

It is played by striking the bosses of the gongs with two wooden beaters.

Due to its use across a wide variety groups and languages, the kulintang is also called kolintang by the Maranao and those in Sulawesi, kulintangan, gulintangan by those in Sabah and the Sulu Archipelago and totobuang by those in central Maluku.[8]

By the twentieth century, the term kulintang had also come to denote an entire Maguindanao ensemble of five to six instruments.

Traditionally the Maguindanao term for the entire ensemble is basalen or palabunibunyan, the latter term meaning “an ensemble of loud instruments” or “music-making” or in this case “music-making using a kulintang.”

Considerably independent from political contexts, strategies, and implications, the Regatta Lepa attracts around 15,000 visitors, mostly Malaysian, every year.

The program is similar every year and the official part spreads over two days.

Traditional lepa boats competed for the much-coveted Regatta Lepa award. The Regatta Lepa's central event is the selection of the “most beautiful” lepa.

Together with the lepa boats, hundred of kumpit boats also gathered at the moorage in order to partake in the celebration.

In the evening, the "Ratu Lepa," or "Lepa Queen," was crowned.

The next morning, Saturday, marked the event's official start and began early, virtually after dawn.

By 8am, the official program had commenced, which included a race of the lepa boats and, later in the day, the evening launching ceremony for the overall event featuring both national  and local performers and notables.

Sea sports activities abounded, such as traditional boat tug-of-wars and canoe racing competitions (keleh keleh).

The event concluded with the central procession of lepa boats before the judges and the awarding of the prizes for the most beautiful boats.

These activities were spread over two locations: the pier, where the lepa and kumpit boats docked, and the Semporna town padang, consisting of a few traditional-style huts built around a dance stage.

Throughout the program, two elements' constant presence was such a matter of course that it did not even merit mentioning: music and dance.

Ratu Lepa
The Ratu Lepa Competition is a beauty contest. Beauty, however, is not merely a matter of looks; after all, the public display of physical beauty is a sensitive issue in a Muslim environment.

The judges, therefore, pay attention to the (dance) costumes' ‘authenticity," overall "grace," and dance.

The quality of the latter is centrally important. Every potential ratu is required to perform a dance of her choice that includes one of three traditional dances combined with one of three contemporary dances.

The first-mentioned dances were accompanied by a kulintangan ensemble, the traditional musical accompaniment of Bajau Laut dancing that consists of a set of usually between 8 and 10 bossed metal discs or brass gongs; two agung, big brass gongs hanging from a wooden frame; and a tambul, a brass cylindrical snare drum.


performing arts world wide


Three days in April every year, the sleepy fishing town of Semporna, East Coast Borneo (Malaysia) turns into a bustling little hive of activity, dance, and music: the Regatta Lepa takes over.

The Southeast Asian island world is home to several maritime communities whose people often are referred to as "sea nomads" or "sea gypsies," names that appeal to the exoticist imagination especially of Ang Mos (“redheads"), as white travelers and residents are called winkingly in Malaysia and Singapore. The Sama Dilaut, one of these sea-going peoples, live all over the Philippine Sulu Archipelago, southwestern Mindanao, Sabah/Borneo, east Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and many of the eastern Indonesian islands. In East Coast Borneo, the Bajau Laut, as the Sama Dilaut around Semporna, Sabah/Borneo call themselves, have strong ties with their related communities in the Philippines. Locations in both countries as well as other, often sacred, sites in the archipelago play important roles for them. Some of these Bajau Laut have maintained their nomadic or semi-nomadic lifestyle, living in houseboats and only temporarily setting up makeshift huts on small islets in the Celebes and South China Seas, the eery borderlands between the Philippines and Malaysia. Not quite in keeping with romantic Ang Mo dreams about unlimited freedom and vagabond life, clear turquoise waters and simple living, however, others have become sedentary, living in the stilt houses of the so-called "floating villages" that started to grow considerably in Semporna during the 1960s. And yet, they remain “Bajau Laut”: “Sea Bajau.” .................

The XVIth Regatta Lepa

About Bake Society
The Bake (pronounce Bahkuh) Society , was founded in 1984 as a counterpart to the Ethnomusicological Centre “Jaap Kunst”. The society, named after the illustrious musicologist and singer Arnold Bake, organizes conferences, seminars and workshops.


17th Regatta Lepa, Semporna 2010LEPA Boat
17th Regatta Lepa, Semporna 2010LEPA Boat 17th Regatta Lepa, Semporna 201017th Regatta Lepa, Semporna 201017th Regatta Lepa, Semporna 2010

Each boat a beauty dancer

Every LEPA family has they own beautiful girl welcoming visitors with graceful igal-igal dance.

During the Regatta Lepa, the boats are decorated with brightly colored sails known as sambulayang and tipas (small triangular flags).

The highlight of the event is the sail-past of the lepa, each boat decked with smiling dancers and lively musicians, hoping to be crowned ‘Most Beautiful Lepa’ – the grand prize of this much-anticipated water festival.

More on igal-igal Bajau dance.

Each Boat an artistic masterpiece with elaborate carvings

The LEPA Boat is sleek and typically made of ubar suluk (red seraya) wood. An artistic masterpiece with elaborate carvings depicting the sea and animistic designs. Other sea-themed motifs include fishes, mermaids, sea horses and waves. These intricate carvings normally cover the stern to the bow, side to roof and mast.

More about  elaborate carvings of LEPA LEPA

PHOTO : Traditional Lepa-Lepa Boat displayed at Sabah Museum Heritage Village

Photo courtesy Sabah Museum, Kota Kinabalu



One can view a traditional LEPA boat at Sabah Museum in Kota Kinabalu City.

In the museum's Heritage Village displays a Lepa house boat. This boat was used as an abode by a local community in the Semporna.

The Sabah Museum Heritage Village is situated within the Ethnobotanical Gardens in the Sabah Museum Complex. Formally, the Sabah Museum Heritage Village was known as The Sabah Museum Traditional Houses.


People with a Proud Heritage

The annual Regatta Lepa held every April in Semporna. During the event, the waterfront of Semporna town is decked with a colorful line-up of boats, each one more brilliantly decorated.

These LEPA boats are the proud heritage of the Sea Bajau of Malaysia.

PHOTO above : 15th Regatta Lepa, 18–20 April, 2008

The Sea Gipsy of Malaysia

They live their lives on their elaborately carved Lepa, which in the Bajau language refers to a single-mast sailing boat. It can only be made using the Red Seraya wood (Shorea plagata).


For generations, these nomadic people lived on these boats.

The Bajaus who live most of their lives out in the sea have inherited peerless skills in making intricate wooden boats.

Once true nomads of the seas, the Bajaus would only come ashore occasionally on land to collect fresh water, firewood and to bury their dead.



17th Regatta Lepa, Semporna
24 - 25 April 2010 (Saturday and Sunday)

Semporna Town comes to life with the unique Regatta Lepa, a competition held for the Bajau seafarers to crown the most beautiful traditional sailboat.

Don’t miss a variety of interesting events, including the boat-tug-of-war and rowing competition. The annual Regatta Lepa is held in conjunction with the Malaysian Water Festival.

Lepa-lepa Festival in Semporna popularized by Dandai for tourist attraction. 

Sakaran (bin) Dandai, Tun (Datuk Seri Panglima Haji) (b. April 15, 1930, Semporna, North Borneo [now Sabah]), chief minister (1994) and head of state (1995-2002) of Sabah. In 2000 he was awarded Sabah's highest award, the Seri Panglima Darjah Kinabalu, which carries the title Datuk Seri Panglima. (http://www.fortunecity.com/athena/pearl/29/indexs1.html ). He improved Semporna from island to center of tourism.

Nowadays, the practice of this traditional lifestyle is slowly dispersing with modernity. Few modern Bajaus use the Lepa today as many of them migrated to the mainland. Nonetheless, Lepa remains a symbol of tradition and a precious legacy for the Semporna Bajau community.

According to the Lepa Secretariat office, the regatta was inaugurated in 1994 to commemorate the Bajau tradition of building these splendid boats, the festival begins with the arrival of the Lepa from different villages, headed by the respective village leader.

Tranquil turquoise waters and the rich bio-diversity of its colourful reef have attracted seafarers and fisher folk to Semporna and its surrounding islands.

Semporna is also home to the Bajau Laut, the second largest ethnic group in Sabah and one of the major maritime communities in South-east Asia.

Also known as the sea gypsies of Sabah, the Bajau Laut once lived their entire lives aboard their traditional 5m long and 1.5m wide single-mast sailboat called lepa made from  tropical hard wood.

In these inconspicuous vessels, they inexorably rode the highest waves and brazenly conquered the fiercest storm as they migrated between the islands of the Southern Philippines, eastern Borneo and Sulawesi.

13th<b>Regatta Lepa</b>Semporna

Lepa Boat is a Malaysian heritage that is slowly disappearing.  The new generation are moving on land where they turn their interest to modern vehicle of steel. This art of traditional wooden boat building of their grand fathers has to be nurtured as a national treasure.

In appreciating the importance of the Lepa, the Lepa Regatta in this fishing town of Semporna is a premier event for Malaysia.

The most beautiful lepa REGATTA LEPA is to choose the most dazzling  boat from the beautifully built, brightly adorned LEPAs lining up at the waterfront.

On the decks of the boat lepas are smiling dancers and musicians dressed in equally colorful traditional attires of the Sea Bajau.

In the lepa's they  also have a group of musicians and a couple dancer and the lepa's will make a round infront of the VIP's and the judge's stage. In this competition the judges will give a point for their performence related to beautiful lepa's and the best dancer's.

This dramatic cultural event held every April Semporna town of Sabah. This festival is to celebrates the Bajau tradition for their craftsmanship skilled in  ‘Lepa’  -- a ‘boat that hand-made crafted’ in Bajau Semporna language

During the Regatta festivals is  a competition of decorative Lepa boats, a time to show off which Lepa boats are the best.

The most beautiful traditional sailboat judged base on its decoration, local ethnic music and dances performed on board, sambulayang (sails) and tipas-tipas (small flags).

Thousands sail into town in all kinds of boats including the gaily-decorated lepa and traditional jungkong to compete for prizes.

The flotilla of colorful banners ridden lepas in the upper background makes quite an introduction before you see the paddler in the foreground.

It was a beautiful sight to see the silhouettes of sambulayang sails from various Lepa-lepa boats as they skimmed across the sea water.

A typical Lepa boat measuring 5 meters in length and 1.5 meters wide.

These boats were used in almost every aspect of Bajau life - their floating homes, their fishing boats and their transport vehicle.

Those you saw in  in competitions are vary in size, some were build for this annual  competition.

The body of the Lepa consists  4 main parts :

1)  the pointed bow (tujjah),

2)  its boat body  (lepa),

3) the walled-house structure (tapi) and

4) the sago palm leaves-made roofing (kajang).

Indigenous wooden boats that brought the Sea Bajau increasingly to settle in Sabah's shores since the 1970s drawn by Malaysia's better economy and security. They speak their own dialect, and are fluent in the ways of the sea. This is their mobile home on the water.

Traditional Festival Costume of Bajau Laut tribes (sea gypsy people) of Malaysia.

Not only good in costume, the Bajau Laut people also skilled at making large mats for use at home.

See more about Sea Bajau of Semporna...

How to get to Semporna...

  1. Express Bus
    From Kota Kinabalu to Semporna   Fares: RM58 Duration: 9 hours
  2. Daily Flights
    MAS - from KK to Tawau  Fares: *check with the nearest travel agents  Duration: 45 mins
  3. Taxi
    From Tawau to Semporna  Fares: RM80 - RM100  Duration: 1hr 45mins
  4. Mini Bus
    From Tawau to Semporna  Fares: RM12 - RM20  Duration: 1hr 45mins


Bum-Bum Islands - Lepa origin :

Lepa is Bajau for single masted sailing boat  made of Ubar Suluk or Red Seraya Wood. Lepa boat serves as home of the gipsy people

LEPA boat is believed to be originated from the Pa'alau Bajau people who live in Bum Bum Island and used by fishermen along the coast of Semporna.  The unique lifestyle and festival is a cultural legacy inherited by many generations.

Where to stay in Semporna ...
Seafest Hotel  Dragon Inn Resort


About Semporna : September 27, 2017 10:29:48 PM

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