| Bario Town | Batu Niah Town | Bekenu Town | Marudi Town | Miri City | Niah National Park |
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Hostel in Niah NationalPark
Niah National Park has a number of chalets and hostels for visitors to stay over night.
These accommodation available here can be booked from the visitor’s info centre in Miri.
The alternative is you can use one of three Hotels in Batu Niah Town 3 Km away.
A guide is not essential as the trail is clear but they are not expensive and will give you some additional information.
Entrance fees are paid upon arrival at the park HQ. Remember to get a trail map of the park at the counter.
A permit is required for professional photography or filming, which should be arranged in advance with the National Parks Booking Office in Miri.
The Painted Cave
The paintings can be difficult to see unless you allow your eyes to become accustomed to the light. They are rendered in red hematite and cover a long narrow strip (approximately 30m) at the back of the cave wall. They portray spread-eagled human figures, probably representing warriors and hunters, some of the animals of the surrounding forest, and - most importantly longboats carrying the souls of the deceased on the dangerous journey to the land of the dead.
"Drowning In The Sea" in Painted Cave, Niah National Park. 6-6-2015 SAT 1:12PM
|The Great Cave
At the entrance of the cave there may be further guides offering to guide you round. We hired one at 40 RM and Dicki from the local longhouse spoke perfect English and was a hugely informative and humorous individual who definitely added value to our tour. By hiring a guide you are also helping to support these very poor people. The Great Cave, at over 60m high and 250m wide, it is one of the world's most spectacular cave entrances, leading to an even larger chamber within. On the left of the cave mouth, the archaeological excavations are clearly visible.. On the left of the cave mouth the archaeological excavation are clearly visible.
A reconstruction of the original scene and some
of the artifacts can be seen at the impressive
Sarawak Museum in Kuching.
Great Cave was formed in the past by the action of
river water dissolving the limestone and
progressively enlarging and deepening the cave.
As this area of Borneo was uplifted, the river
found a different route and the cave was left
high and dry to be filled by the droppings of
thousands of generations of several species of
bats and of small birds called swiftlets.
|The Trader’s Cave
You then reach the first significant rock formation. This is called the Trader's Cave, which is really an extended rock overhang rather than a cave proper. This is where the birds nest and guano traders traditionally conduct their business, hence the name. A few minutes later, the West Mouth of the Great Cave comes into view, and you are left in no doubt that this cave deserves its name.
|Though there are many caves in Niah National
Park, tourists only explore the three main
1- Traders Cave
2- Great Cave
3- Painted Cave
The Board Walk
Jetty of Niah National Park
1- From Park Headquarter
The Great Cave is 3.5 km from the Park Headquarters. The start of the boardwalk that leads to the caves is on the opposite side of the Niah River, so a short but fun ferry ride across the river is the staring point.
1 Ringgit each before 5.00 pm. 1.5 Ringgit
each after 5 (last crossing 7.30).
There is a cafeteria that serves simple local dishes and various soft drinks for thirsty travelers.
This is located at Pangkalan Lubang and is a showcase centre for Sarawak and has received a sizeable investment.
The museum has some interesting displays on the geology, archaeology and ecology of the area and is well worth a visit before the walk.
Entry tickets are 10 Ringgit for adults and 5 Ringgit for children payable at the office in the HQ.
|BUS SERVICE TERMINATED - From Miri Town to
Batu Niah Town
The regular direct bus service to Batu Niah Town (4 km from Park HQ) from Miri Bus Station is no more in service for several years. This is due to insufficient passengers as now a day most people own a car.
Now you have to take the indirect buses from Miri Town to Pujut Express Bus Terminal to Batu Niah Junction then to Batu Niah Town
Or if you are willing to pay higher fee to charter a Taxi directly from Miri Town to Batu Niah Town.
Entrance to paved path from Niah Park to Batu Niah Town
The paved path to the town is 2.5 Kilometers along the Niah River.
The path is running parallel to the river leading to Batu Niah 2.5km away.
This is a pleasant stroll along the riverbank to Batu Niah Town when you arrived at the red Tua Pek Kong Chinese Temple.
Distance from the above Sungai Naih Bridge to following points:
Last Updated On : Saturday, October 10, 2015 08:53:08 PM
Niah National Park
from Batu Niah Bazaar
|Niah is one of
Sarawak's smaller National Parks, but it is one
of the most important and has some of the most
unusual visitor attractions.
The park's main claim to fame is its role as one of the birthplaces of civilization. The oldest modern human remains discovered in Southeast Asia were found at Niah, making the park one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.
Niah National Park is 31-sq-km in area. Places of interest and sight seeing include the following :
1- Vast limestone caverns - Among Borneo’s most famous and impressive natural attractions.
2- Great Cave - One of the largest caverns in the world.
3- Niah’s caves have provided groundbreaking insights into human life on Borneo way back when the island was still connected to mainland Southeast Asia. In 1958 archaeologists led by Tom Harrisson discovered the 40,000-year-old skull of an anatomically modern human, the oldest remains of a Homo sapiens discovered anywhere in Southeast Asia.
4- Rock paintings and several small canoe-like coffins (‘death ships’) indicate that the site was used as a burial ground much more recently. Some of the artifacts found at Niah are on display at the Sarawak Museum in Kuching; others (a handful) are in the park’s own museum.
5- Niah’s caves accommodate a staggering number of bats and are an important nesting site for swiftlets, some of whose species supply the vital ingredient for bird’s-nest soup. Traditionally, the Penan are custodians and collectors of the nests, while the Iban have the rights to the caves’ other commodity, bat and bird guano, which is highly valued as fertilizer (no prizes for guessing who got first pick). During the harvesting season (August to March), nest collectors can be seen on towering bamboo structures wedged against the cave roof.
6- We’ve heard
travelers say that if you’ve been (or will be
going) to Gunung Mulu National Park, going to
Niah might not be worth the effort – unless
you’re fascinated by human prehistory, of
The oldest human remains in Southeast Asia along with many other relics of prehistoric man were discovered in the Great Niah Cave! And the carbon dating puts the oldest relic which is the skull of oldest human remains back to 40,000 years! This has made Niah Caves, one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.
Niah Cave is called The Great Cave because Niah Cave covers an area of 11 hectares as large as 13 football fields! And the cave is also remarkable for the millions of bats and swiftlets. At after 60m high and 250m wide, it is one of the world’s most spectacular cave entrances
|Niah National Park is 3km away from
Batu Niah Town:
When you arrive the park hQ, you are required to register at the park HQ. There is an information center where video about Niah cave and Archeology site a shown (but you must request for it). The time open is 8.00 am until 5.00 pm. Admission fees RM 10 each before begin the journey at Niah National Park.
1- Arrive at Niah National Park Headquaters, register with the counter and pay Rm 10.00
2- Cross the narrow Niah River with boat available waiting. Rm1.00. The jetty is only 5 minutes walk from registration counter.
3- Visit the Niah Cave Museum (* The museum close on Monday).
4- Plank walk to explore three main caves:
From the accommodation hostels to the boat jetty is only 5 minutes walk
To reach Niah Cave, you need to across a
river. The distant between jetty and hostel you
live take about 5 minute walk. Below is the boat
fee for per person.
The Gunung Subis complex is made up of several voluminous, high ceiling chambers. The main cave is isolated from the complex and separated by a valley that is about 492 to 656 feet (150-200 m) wide. At the highest point, the Gunung Subis complex rises about 1,293 feet (394 m) above sea level and is about 10.5 miles (17 km) inland from the South China Sea.
The Great Cave lies in a large limestone block, about a kilometre long in general north to south direction and about half a kilometre wide, that is detached from the main Gunung Subis complex, by a valley between about 150 to 200 meters wide.
The park has two well-marked walking
This national park has
How to reach Niah
National Park; one from Miri (109 km) :
Express buses do not go to Batu Niah Town. These big buses only drop passenger at the highway junctions which is 11 Km from Batu Niah Town. To continue to reach Niah National Park, the visitor must rent a private car or taxis or there are also mini bus that takes passenger from the junction for RM 10- 15 per person.
They call the junction
"Rest Stop Junction"
|TAMAN NEGARA NIAH
Niah National Park
National Parks Booking Office
official contect 085 737450
Checklist trip to Niah National Park
|Accommodation in Niah National Park
Accommodation in Batu Niah Town - X Km before Niah National Park
A variety of accommodation facilities are available in the park.
• Asrama Agathis A
10 rooms (with 4 beds per room)
• Asrama Agathis B
10 rooms (with 4 beds per room)
• Jungle Lodge
2 rooms (with 2 beds per room)
• VIP Chalets
Campsite 200-300 campers
Niah National Park
On the way from Bintulu to Miri, 109km south-west of Miri, you will pass the gorgeous Niah National Park (3102 hectares). Together with Gunung Mulu National Park this is one of the most beautiful parks in Sarawak. The park is especially famous for the many limestone caves in which people used to live. It is said that Niah NP is the birthplace of civilization in Southeast Asia, as the oldest modern human remains discovered were found in the caves. Unlike Mulu NP, the caves within Niah Park can be visited without a tour guide. The Niah caves are also known for the swiftlet nests. In Hong Kong and Singapore swiftlet nests are sold for extremely high prices; sometimes over US$1,000 per kilogram. These nests get regulated and harvested under supervision. Climbers will look for the nests in the higher sections of the enormous caves, and risk their lives standing on stepladders made of bamboo. Visitors can witness the swiftlets flying back into the cave at the end of the day, and more spectacular, millions of bats flying out around sundown to go on their nightly hunt for food.
Three hundred miles up the coast from Kuching, hidden in the
forests of Miri are the Niah Caves and the surrounding park, spread over 3/140
hectares of peat swamp and dipterocarp forests and the massive limestone
outcrops within which the caves are concealed. The caves consist of one big cave
(the Great Cave) and some smaller caves. At the centre of the park/ is Gunung
Subis, 394 meters above sea level.
• FLORA AND FAUNA
The limestone vegetation is predominantly represented by the Balsaminaceae and Begoniaceae species. Peat swamp vegetation and dipterocarp forests dominate the lowlands with fig plants Picus. found in abundance. The crown of these plants shades the tiny seedlings on the forest floor and keep them moist to ensure their survival.
The mischievous and opportunistic long-tailed macaques, ever on the look-out for food to forage, are conspicuously to be seen and heard in the forest. Birds such as the Bulbuls, Tailor birds. Crested wood partridge, Trogons and Hornbills are easily spotted by their exotic and brightly colored plumes. Look out for the
nocturnal Barred eagle owl and Bay owl which also inhabit the
forest. The great Woolly Horse shoe bat can be found in the caves and crevices
in which they roost. Another interesting inhabitant is the Bornean tarsier, a
Nocturnal primate which feeds on insects and small vertebrae animals. There are
also squirrels and Flying lizards and a large population of Swiftlets.
• PLANNING AN ITINERARY
Aside from visiting the caves the visitor can find a lot of interesting things to do and see.
'Exploring' The Caves : The caves are accessible via a 3km pathway, part of which consists of a raised plank walk through lowland forest. The walk to the caves can therefore be an interesting activity in itself if you enjoy observing the variety of plant life and birds and insects along the path.
The Great Cave : The discovery of the oldest human remains in Southeast Asia along with other pre-historic relics in this cave, makes this Borneo's most important archeological site. The relics point to the existence of human activity in this area almost 40,000 years ago. However/ the cave is now home to the bats which deposit their droppings or quano, a rich source of fertilizer, on the cave, floor and the swiftlets whose edible nests are greatly favored for their medicinal value.
The Painted Cave : An interesting feature of this cave is the red haematite painting of human-like figures drawn on the rocks. The painting dates back at least 1,000 years. The cave itself seems to have served as an ancient grave site as evidenced by the boat-shaped coffins containing the bodies of the dead.
Forest Trails : Explore the jungle trails and get a feel of the tropical forest- see what makes it tick! There are two clearly marked trails you could follow, namely Jalan Bukit Kasut' and Jalan Madu. So pack some snacks and drinks and go uncover the secrets of the jungle!
Iban Longhouse : The Ibans are reputedly skilled craftsmen and a visit to their longhouse nearby is bound to fascinate you. See the wide range of fine and beautifully made handicraft and ordinary household items for daily use and you will marvel at the intricate designs and clever color combinations.
Mountain Climbing : Scale the 400 meter high limestone ridge for a bit of adventure! You might not be the first one to reach the summit, but it sure is exciting and exhilarating; and something to tell the others back home.
Collection Of Birds' Nests : Usually carried out between August to December and January to March each year, this is one activity that attracts a lot of interest. Local gatherers climb up tall "ladders" to reach the birds' nests high up in the caves. The nests are valued for the medicinal properties of the bird's saliva binding the nest. Boiled with rock sugar it makes a highly potent, not to mention delicious brew!
Visit To Batu Niah Town : If the fancy takes you/ stroll along the river bank and explore the local haunts in Batu Niah town. You could also rent a boat to get there.
• OTHER FACILITIES
These include the plank walk to the caves and within it, public toilets and washrooms, a canteen, and an information centre.
Applications for permits and reservations for accommodation can be made at the National Parks booking office, Miri or Niah National Park.
• HOW TO GET THERE
The Park is accessible by road from Miri or Bintulu. It takes approximately 2 hours from Miri to Batu Niah and 3 hours from Bintulu to Batu Niah. From Batu Niah it is a short boat trip to the Park Headquarters.
Niah National Park
98200 Batu Niah
National Parks Booking Offices
Sarawak Visitor Information Centre
452 Jalan Melayu