Tiger Prawn Farming in Tawau
|Starting 2009 all aquaculture farm
operators in Sabah will be licensed in stages to ensure the industry
was better managed, established and dynamic and continued to
contribute to the economic development of the State.
All operators who had a breeding area of more than 0.4ha must have a license in line with the Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Enactment 2003.
The European Union wants Malaysian products to meet requirements like being clean and safe. The industry had to be managed and controlled to always meet international standards.
The mangrove forest
along Batu Payung has been developed for aquaculture activities.
Aquaculture farms at Batu Payung is the biggest in Sabah, it is
|Since time immemorial, people in Tawau have
relied on the sea for their sustenance. A great variety of high-grade fishes and
all kinds of crustaceans were found in abundance in the sea and waterways around
Tawau. To the early settlers, nearly all seafarers, making a living from the sea
was easy. And in the age of subsistence economy with a small population,
in-shore fishing using sampans was the norm. There was apparently no urgency or
necessity to organize the fishing folk to engage in commercial deep-sea fishing.
However the Chartered Company soon realized the potential of developing deep-sea
fishing as a means to augment and diversify the existing economic base. Once
again they turned to the Japanese, at that time the most modern Asian
country and an ally of Britain.
In 1917, a Japanese merchant marine captain Jiro Orita launched the Borneo Fishing Company, which differs from the previous fishing efforts in at least two ways. Firstly, it was a larger operation and secondly, it was geared to support the export market. The company set up an office in Tawau. The fishes were caught in the surrounding waters, taken to Pulau Si Amil, an island about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Semporna, where they were processed and then, taken to the company's warehouse in Tawau to await shipment. Orita imported his labour from Japan and Taiwan. Orita's Ice Plant, developed mainly for the freezing of fish , also supplied ice to the town.
Today, prawn farming is one of the main activities in Tawau. Spawners from Sabah, especially Tawau, are graded the best in Malaysia. For this reason, Tawau has been supplying high-grade tiger prawns to neighbouring countries, such as Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Japan for decades.
A few hundreds deep sea trawlers and tuckboats can be seen at Cowie Bay.
OTHER LOCATION OF TIGER PRAWN FARMING in Malaysia :
Tiger prawns production in Langkawi