Last Updated on Thursday, 26 January, 2023 09:56:42 PM

INDEX  >  Dragonflies of Borneo  >  Family Libellulidae  >  Camacinia gigantea (Brauer, 1867)

Body length : 57mm
Front wing span : 105mm
Frong wing :50mm

Segment 2 of a male Camacinia gigantea

Identification Guide to Camacinia gigantea

Identification Guide to Camacinia gigantea
the largest of the Libellulidae

body length = 50mm
hind wing = 48mm
wingspan = 100mm


Camacinia gigantea is the largest dragonfly in the Family Libellulidae.
Nannophya pygmaea is the smallest in the same family and in Borneo.
Anax panybeus is the largest dragonfly species in Borneo.

Eyes of a female Camacinia gigantea
Compound Eyes of a female Camacinia gigantea

Found in Asia: Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Philippines, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam

Camacinia gigantea  
Colour and pattern suggest a huge Neurothemis but habits very different. M hw 47-52 mm; similar to F but basal wing colouring pale and less extensive. Lowland ponds and lakes in open areas, especially along the landward margins of mangroves. Larvae probably semi-pelagic; of similar outline to Hydrobasileus croceus but more elongate and ab lacking dorsal spines and lateral spines on S8. Adults fly rapidly, sailing over long reaches of their habitat, perching infrequently. Widespread but rare in Indo-Australian tropics.  

Camacinia gigantea is the largest of the Libellulidae (hw, 45-47 mm) and unmistakable by virtue of its extensive opaque brownish-red areas on the basal part of the wings. It is a splendid insect, at first suggestive of a very large Neurothemis. The coloration is fainter in teneral individuals and females. It is a widespread lowland species, in Borneo rarely encountered on lakes and in lagoons on the landward side of mangroves.

The Largest and Smallest species of Dragonflies in Borneo
The Largest and Smallest species of Dragonflies in Borneo

Anax panybeus and Nannophya pygmaea


Pseudagrion sp HILLZONE 婆羅洲細蟌

Ichneumon sp BORNEO
Insects of Borneo

Insects are  diverse and dominant inhabitants of the tropical rainforests in Borneo Island. New species are discovered too often. Entomologists are still struggling to cope with the documentation of tropical insect diversity.

Red Dragonfly of Sabah
Red Dragonfly of Sabah

Most of the common dragonflies in Sabah are red coloured, especially from the family Libellulidae.  Some red pecies are even confused as same species, for example the three species of Genus Neurothemis.

Eyes of a male Brachydiplax chalybea
The compound eyes of dragonflies

Dragonflies and damselflies have large compound eyes that can see in all directions. When the compound eye is magnified several hundred times, each individual facet (ommatidium) is shown to be hexagonal in shape.

Ovipositor (Vulvar Lamina)
of Female Dragonflies and Damselflies

Female dragonflies have either one of the two method of depositing eggs from the abdomen:
1- using Ovipositor Structure
2- using Vulvar Lamina

Male do not have an ovipositor. Instead male dragonfly and damselfly have appendages.


Ficus subgelderi 淡金榕
Fig trees of Sabah

Borneo has 150 species of wild fig trees. Most of them are found in forests of Sabah.

Tiger Prawn Farms in Tawau
Tiger Prawn Farms in Tawau

Prawn farming is a main commercial activities in Tawau. Spawners from Tawau are graded the best in Malaysia. For decades, Tawau has been exporting high-grade tiger prawns to several countries such as Korea, Japan, Taiwan, China, Vietnam, Singapore, Egypt and Australia.

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Damselflies of Borneo