Last Updated on : Saturday, 07 October, 2017 01:57:58 PM


INDEX Dragonflies of SabahOvipositor of Dragonfly  | Family Libellulidae  |  FAMILY AESHNIDAE   |

Dragonflies of Borneo Island
Family Libellulidae

Family Libellulidae

The largest family of dragonfly in the world with over 1,000 species. Nearly worldwide distribution, these are almost certainly the most often seen of all dragonflies.

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Cratilla


Cratilla metallica (Brauer, 1878)
Cratilla metallica

Recognized by dark wing-tips


Cratilla lineata

Cratilla lineata

♂47mm 2017-06-26 HILL ZONE

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Lyriothemis

Lyriothemis cleis
Lyriothemis cleis
♂ 2008-09-14 GEMOK HILL
♂40mm 2017-06-25 HILL ZONE


Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Neurothemis
There are 4 species of Neurothemis in Sabah :
1) Neurothemis disparilis Kirby, 1889
2) Neurothemis fluctuans (Fabricius, 1793)
3) Neurothemis ramburii (Brauer, 1866)
4) Neurothemis terminata Ris, 1911

Male all have red wings while the female have clear or dark wing.


Neurothemis terminata
Male is dark red, but tea colored when juvenile.
Female are 2 types:
1) With Clear Wings
2) With Dark Wings



  Neurothemis ramburii

Female is dark wing, but transparency brown when juvenile.

Neurothemis fluctuans

Female is clear wing


Neurothemis ramburii

Male 34mm
2007-06-21 MEROTAI

Matured Female ♀35mm
2007-06-30 MEROTAI

Juvenile Female 37mm
2016-02-25 VOCATIONAL

Neurothemis fluctuans


2007-03-09 MEROTAI
Female 30.5mm
2007-06-20 MEROTAI

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Orthetrum


Orthetrum testaceum Male Orthetrum testaceum
Orthetrum testaceum
Male 49mm 2016-02-23 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE
♀   2017-06-29 FLOOD ZONE


Orthetrum glaucumOrthetrum glaucum
Orthetrum glaucum

Orthetrum glaucum
Male 49mm 2017-06-14 STADIUM BRIDGE
Female ♀42mm 2008-05-04 MEMBELUA

Male Juvenile ♂43mm 2016-10-13 WHITE BRIDGE



Orthetrum sabina male
Orthetrum sabina Female
Orthetrum sabina
Female 53mm♀ 2016-10-04 SPORT COMPLEX POND
Male ♂47mm 2016-10-04 SPORT COMPLEX POND


Orthetrum pruinosum
Orthetrum pruinosum
Male 44mm  Female 41mm
2016-03-11 BOMBALAI
2016-09-16 BOMBALAI

Orthetrum chrysis Male Orthetrum chrysis Female
Orthetrum chrysis
Male 44mm
42mm  2017-06-19 WHITE BRIDGE

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Rhyothemis


Rhyothemis triangularis Male Rhyothemis triangularis Female
Rhyothemis triangularis
Male ♂28mm 2007-10-07 DRAGONFLY POND
♀23mm 2007-10-21 DRAGONFLY POND

Rhyothemis phyllis Male
Rhyothemis phyllis
Male 38mm 2007-10-13 DRAGONFLY POND
Female 37mm
2016-09-27 PAPAYA GARDEN


Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Acisoma

Acisoma panorpoidesDiplacodes trivialis female
Acisoma panorpoides
Male ♂29mm  2017-06-06 WHITE BRIDGE POND
Female ♀28mm  2017-06-06 WHITE BRIDGE POND


Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Diplacodes

Diplacodes trivialis maleDiplacodes trivialis female
Diplacodes trivialis
A very common species in Asia
Male ♂34mm 2016-10-06 SPORT COMPLEX POND
Female 30mm

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Brachydiplax

Brachydiplax chalybea Male
Brachydiplax chalybea Type 1 BrownBrachydiplax chalybea Type 2 Powderly-Blue
Brachydiplax chalybea
Male ♂35mm 2017-06-08 WHITE BRIDGE POND
Type 1 Female Brown 30mm 2017-05-31 SG TAWAU
Type 2 Female Powderly-Blue ♀30mm 2017-06-06 WHITE BRIDGE

Brachydiplax chalybea in Borneo has two color types of female: the brown female and powderly-blue female.

Three subspecies of Brachydiplax chalybea are currently recognized.
B. c. flavovittata occurs in southern China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Japan,
B. c. simalura is known from a few islands of the coast of Sumatra,
the nominate subspecies is known from the rest of the range.

Family: Libellulidae
Genus:  Rhodothemis
Borneo has only 1 species under this genus

Rhodothemis rufa MALE
Rhodothemis rufa
44mm 2016-10-02 DRAGONFLY POND
45mm 2017-06-09 WHITE BRIDGE POND

Family: Libellulidae
Genus:  Tetrathemis

Tetrathemis irregularisTetrathemis irregularis Female
Tetrathemis irregularis
♂28mm 2007-07-10 BUKIT GEMOK
Male ♂26mm 2016-10-16 SRI INDAH
Female 28mm  2007-10-07 BUKIT GEMOK

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Lathrecista
Only 1 species worldwide  in this Genus Lathrecista.

Lathrecista asiatica MaleLathrecista asiatica
Lathrecista asiatica
44mm 2016-10-1 Dragonfly Pond
Female ♀45mm 2017-05-28 SG TAWAU

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Tholymis

Tholymis tillarga Tholymis tillarga


Tholymis tillarga

Male ♂43mm 2016-09-20 BUKIT GEMOK
♀ 2016-09-28 SEMARAK




Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Agrionoptera

There are two species under this Genus in Borneo

Agrionoptera insignis
Agrionoptera insignis
Female 43mm 2008-07-13 TAWAU
♂42mm 2017-05-31 SG TAWAU


Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Zyxomma

Zyxomma petiolatum MALE
Zyxomma petiolatum
Male 53mm 2008-06-29 SEMARAK
Female ♀51mm 2017-05-26 SEMARAK



Zyxomma obtusum MaleZyxomma obtusum Female
Zyxomma obtusum

Male 50.5mm 2007-07-08 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE
Female 2008-05-10 SEMARAK

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Pantala


Pantala flavescensPantala flavescens
Pantala flavescens
♂48mm 2007-10-28 DRAGONFLY POND
Female ♀56mm 2007-10-12 DRAGONFLY POND

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Tyriobapta

Tyriobapta kuekenthali (Karsch, 1900)
Tyriobapta torrida Kirby, 1889


Tyriobapta laidlawi
♂30mm 2008-05-29 SARAWAK
A scarcer species of Borneo

This is an endemic dragonfly species of Borneo. Female has never been photographed yet.

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Aethriamanta

Aethriamanta aethra
Aethriamanta aethra
Female ♀26mm

Family: Libellulidae
Genus:  Onychothemis


Onychothemis coccinea
Onychothemis coccinea (Lieftinck, 1953)

Onychothemis coccinea (Lieftinck, 1953) is a rare species so far seen only in Indonesia and Eastern part of Malaysia. This species is unique in abdomen colour of entirely light orange with no marking.


Onychothemis culminicola
Male 52mm 2008-06-15 BUKIT GEMOK
♀ 2007-03-07 SPORT STADIUM

Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Nannophya

Nannophya pygmaea
Nannophya pygmaea
Male ♂17.5mm 2013-02-08 SRI AMAN TOWN

Family: Libellulidae
Genus:  Camacinia


Camacinia gigantea

50mm 2008-07-27 DRAGONFLY POND

Family: Libellulidae
Genus:  Trithemis


Trithemis festiva
Trithemis festiva
♂ 36mm 2007-11-03 BUKIT GEMOK
Female unknown



Trithemis aurora
Female ♀ 2007-02-05 BUKIT GEMOK

♂36mm 2016-03-05 SG IMAM


Family: Libellulidae
Genus: Urothemis

Urothemis signata MaleUrothemis signata Female
Urothemis signata
Male ♂42mm 2007-10-13 DRAGONFLY POND
Female 44mm 2007-11-25 DRAGONFLY POND

Family: Libellulidae
Genus:  Tramea

Tramea transmarina
Tramea transmarina
Male 54mm 2007-10-12 DRAGONFLY POND

Family: Libellulidae
Genus:  Hydrobasileus

Hydrobasileus croceus
Hydrobasileus croceus
Male ♂50mm  2007-10-13 DRAGONFLY POND

Identification Guide to common Red Dragonfly in Sabah
Identification Guide to common Red Dragonfly in Sabah

Diplacodes trivialis侏儒蜻蜓

Family: Libellulidae
Diplacodes trivialis侏儒蜻蜓
Male ♂34mm 2016-10-06 THU 15:47 SPORT COMPLEX POND

Orthetrum testaceum

Head parts of a dragonfly


Lathrecista asiatica

Zyxomma petiolatum 纖腰蜻蜓

Tholymis tillarga 雲斑蜻 widespread in Borneo and active at dawn and dusk

Tetrathemis irregularis



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