Updated On : Saturday, 07 January, 2023 10:59:11 PM

HOME  >  Flora of Borneo

Flora of Borneo
The plant life of both indigenous plants of Borneo and migrated plants in Borneo.

Borneo’s extraordinary tropical vegetation include:
-Carnivorous plants
-World’s largest flower
-Trees that can reach 60 meters


Family Acanthaceae
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) GuillauminYellow Blechum pyramidatum 黃色賽山藍
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii
Yellow Blechum pyramidatum

Family: Malvaceae
Ceiba pentandra

吉貝(學名:Ceiba pentandra),又名吉貝木棉、美洲木棉、爪哇木棉

Green pod (Fruit) and  Ripe pod

Green pod (Fruit) and  Ripe pod

Pandanus  amaryllifolius 斑蘭葉/七葉蘭Pandanus  amaryllifolius 斑蘭葉/七葉蘭Pandanus  amaryllifolius 斑蘭葉/七葉蘭

Family Pandanaceae

Offshoots of
Pandanus  amaryllifolius

Aerial root

Perpetuated shoot

Offshoots of Pandanus  amaryllifolius 斑蘭葉/七葉蘭. 5 pcs per order.

offshoots (extra stems with visible aerial root) from the main plant.


S - Small size  Rm 3 for 5 offshoots
M - Medium size Rm 10 for 5 offshoots
L - Large size Rm 15 for 5 offshoots
(Long leaves are trimmed before shipping)

Family Arecaceae
Sabal palmetto

Seeds of Sabal palmetto 菜棕
Seeds of Sabal palmetto 龍鱗櫚



Morinda citrifolia 檄樹Cenkudu
Morinda citrifolia
Cenkudu in Malay


Also known as noni, Indian mulberry, and a variety of other names in various regions, is a small evergreen tree or shrub that originated from Indonesia and spread to the Pacific Basin, Philippines, Japan, China, and Australia.
Morinda citrifolia, Rubiaceae, noni, Indian mulberry. Small tree or shrub of Polynesian introduction to Hawaii, originally from SE Asia to Australia, now naturalized in dry sites. The bark and roots yield red and yellow pigments, respectively, used to dye tapa or kapa. The fruits were used as an insecticide, as a poultice, and in a medicinal drink. Location: Near kiosk, makai-Ewa of Sinclair Library.


Kona Double Hibiscus
Family Malvaceae
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Several hundred species
Native to East Asia

銀合歡Leucaena leucocephala
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
銀合歡Leucaena leucocephala

Mimosa pigra 刺軸含羞草
Mimosa pigra 刺軸含羞草


Family Fabaceae
Subfamily Caesalpinioideae
Giant sensitive tree
Mimosa pigra 刺軸含羞草
Taman Semarak Indah
Native to the Neotropics 新熱帶


Seeds of Neptunia plena 直立水含羞草, 水合歡
Family Fabaceae


Flower of Neptunia plena 直立水含羞草

Yellow flower

Neptunia plena
[Aquatic Sensitive Plant]

Mimosa diplotricha 美洲含羞草
Mimosa diplotricha 美洲含羞草

Family Fabaceae
Subfamily Caesalpinioideae

Mimosa diplotricha 美洲含羞草
Giant Sensitive Plant - Tall plant

Wild Red Fruit of Borneo
Wild Red Fruit of Borneo

Red wild fruit in Telupid District, Sabah. 88.2mm in diameter. Uneatable. Plastic like thin skin cover but very hard to break. Greenish black single seed inside.

Telupid District 2021-08-12 THU 15:26

Family Asparagaceae
Agave parryi 龍舌蘭
Native to North America

Native to Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico.
The leaves are grey green and have a spine at the tip. One of the distinguishing features is that the point on the tip, which is typically dark tan, brown, or black, is darker than the leaf. Indentations of previous leaves show on the back of each leaf. The Huachuca variety grows in a rosette pattern as large as 2˝ feet in diameter.

Aged agave produce a twelve-foot stalk with bright yellow blooms. They then die after blooming, as all leaf and root resources are put into the stalk, flowers, and seeds. It can be propagated by either offset or seed.

Flower of Agave parryi
Flower of Agave parryi
Location :  Temple of the Eight Immortals  in Tawau 斗湖八仙廟

Temple of the Eight Immortals, Tawau 2021-07-23 FRI 16:03

The Moraceae Family (Mulberry family or Fig family)

Photo above : Shavez Cheema of 1Stop Borneo Wildlife and Ms Joyce Murang the Shangri-la Tg Aru Resort Corporate Social Responsibility Service Leader admiring the abundant ripe figs.

Kota Kinabalu’s most famous fig tree
This Ficus racemosa fig tree, photo above, (Local name Tangkol or Nunuk Ragang ) growing in the car park of the Shangri-la Tg Aru beach resort is probably Kota Kinabalu‘s most well known fig tree...............


More about :

Adenium obesum 沙漠玫瑰
Adenium obesum


Native to Africa and the Arabian Peninsula

Lagerstroemia speciosa (Purple)

大花紫薇(学名:Lagerstroemia speciosa),又名洋紫薇


Genus Capsicum

Family Solanaceae

Flower of Chlorophytum comosum (Spider plant) 吊蘭(蜘蛛蘭)
Flower of Chlorophytum comosum (Spider plant) 吊蘭(蜘蛛蘭)

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Chlorophytum
Species: Chlorophytum comosum

Chlorophytum comosum also called :
Spider plant
Airplane plant
Spider ivy
Ribbon plant

Phalaenopsis gigantea

Elephant ear orchid of Borneo

The biggest winged-seed is Alsomitra macrocarpa 翅葫蘆, Family Cucurbitaceae at 165mm

The biggest winged-seed is Alsomitra macrocarpa 翅葫蘆, Family Cucurbitaceae at 165mm
The smallest winged-seed is
Spathodea Campanulata 火焰樹 Family Bignoniaceae at 13mm

Both winged-seeds are commonly found in the open parks in Tawau

Biggest - 6.5 Inches (165 mm)

Smallest - 0.5Inch (13mm)

Male and Female Inflorescences emerging of an oil palm tree

Male and Female Inflorescences emerging of an oil palm tree


More about Flowers of Oil Palm Trees

The 2nd tallest Tropical Tree in the world

You can see this tree at Tawau Hills Park 22Km from Tawau town center. From the park entrance is another 900 meters walk on mountain trial to this tree.

More about Tawau Hills Park

More about the Orchid Flowers of Borneo

Oncidium Sweet Sugar(Hybrid Orchids)
文心蘭"蜜糖" (雜交蘭花)

A cross between Oncidium Aloha Iwanaga and Oncidium varicosum.

Currently, this plant has received the most widespread in the world of orchids, as it is most suited for growing at home.

Family: Orchidaceae
Genus: Oncidium

Grammatophyllum speciosum (Tiger Orchid/ Giant Orchid) 老虎蘭/巨蘭
Grammatophyllum speciosum
Tiger Orchid/ Giant Orchid

Family: Orchidaceae

Vanda sp Purple Aranda (Hybrid Orchids) 紫色阿蘭達蘭花(雜交蘭花)
Vanda sp Purple Aranda
(Hybrid Orchids.)

Family: Orchidaceae
Genus: Vanda
Pink Vanda Aranda orchid in full bloom

Etlingera elatior 火炬姜花

Etlingera elatior 火炬姜花
Torch ginger flower
(Malay : Bunga Kantan)
Family: Zingiberaceae


More about Genus Ficus of Borneo 婆羅洲榕屬植物

This signboard say Botanical Garden has an inventory of 200 species of Orchids
Signboard at Botanical Garden of Tawau Hills Park

This signboard say Botanical Garden in Tawau has an inventory of 200 species of Orchids.

Web Analytics
Flora of Borneo