WEST COAST DIVISION > KOTA KINABALU CITY > TRAVEL CONNECTION >
Airports of Sabah and distance
from town center:
1- Kota Kinabalu International Airport - 8.5km
2- Labuan Domestic Airport - 3.5km
3- Lahad Datu Domestic Airport - 1km
4- Sandakan Domestic Airport - 13km
5- Tawau Domestic Airport - 31km
| KKIA TERMINAL 1 | KKIA TERMINAL 2 | HISTORY OF KK AIR PORT |
Kota Kinabalu International Airport
KKIA TERMINAL 1
see also : Terminal 2 of Kota Kinabalu International Airport
Photo Gallery of KKIA TERMINAL 1
C) Check-In Counters
|While the aircraft arrive at the airport, the passenger will exit at the level 2 of the terminal. The process of the immigration check will be segregated as well according to domestic category which is meant only for local Sabah populations. The domestic passenger from Semenanjung, Sarawak and Labuan is consider as International passenger which they would require to go through the immigration check with only using the national identity card instead of passport.|
The existing layout of Kota Kinabalu International Airport (BKI) comprises a single runway, a parallel taxiway, two aircraft parking aprons, two passenger terminal buildings, as well as other facilities such as cargo and maintenance. Both of the terminals are separated away by the single runway and taxiway. The terminals however can be links by the federal access roads outside the airport compound. Currently, the Terminal 1 served majority of the premium and non-Air Asia flight and Terminal 2 is currently served majority of the Air Asia flights
In order to support the industry and to achieve higher revenue for the company, the airport shall have minimal airport terminal and runway design and specifications. The airport would always ensure the optimal level of service being provided to the airlines and passengers especially on the safety and security aspect and other facilities required by them as well as other airport stakeholders.
The airport is required to provide different type of services for
different type of stakeholders. The services such as. Access
Road. Parking facilitiesiii. Check-In Counter servicesiv.
Self-Check-In servicesv. Airline officesvi. Baggage/Luggage delivery
to aircraftvii. Security services for Passenger and Luggageviii.
Custom, immigration, and quarantine servicesix. Aircraft parking
baysx. Aerobridges/Passenger Boarding Bridgesxi.
Both of the KKIA Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 have some similarity. Both areoperate with a single terminal and passengers access directly to the aircraft directlyacross the apron or boarding gate with only the most is the walkalator people mover system. It does not require any expensive people mover facilities like aero-train or buses to connect the passenger to the aircraft boarding gate
KKIA T1 Airport Type: Linear
KKIA Terminal 1 can be classified as
On the apron operations, it would have the great advantages as it provide clear orientation on the ground handling and aircraft movement. It will take a shorter time for construction with proper planning on the adequate kerb length, shorter close-out time.The baggage operations cost is lower because the short conveyor sorting system anddecentralized system
These terminals have a great disadvantage on the connecting, transfer or transitbetween terminals due to the location is far apart and separated by the runway andtaxiway. Therefore, the connecting will be taking a longer process than usual. Theairport and airlines does not provide any sort of free transfer facilities for inter-transfer or hot-transfer passenger. Due to this, the limitation of airlines to have a connecting flighthas resulted of losing business opportunities and revenue to the airport. The airportdesign has not created the flexibility for future expansion whereby the airlines areintroducing new and bigger aircraft into their business and the apron must be capable tooperate. The terminal size also limits the passenger grow opportunities as currentvolumes of the passengers during the peak hours has reached the maximum supportsnumbers of passengers
Apart from the terminal design itself, the runway and taxiway systems also playan important role of an airport. The layout of the terminals and its surrounding supportfacilities which consists of the runway, taxiway and taxilanes is shown on Figure 3below
Both of the terminals are operating andsharing the same runway
The airport comprises of two terminals andhas one operating runway as well as twoparallel taxiway. The taxiway is suitable for aircraft Code E operations which it has 23mwidth and 10.50m wide shoulders on bothsides
The runway also catered with Rapid Exittaxiway. This would minimize aircraftrunway occupancy and thus increase therunway capacity.
Terminal 1 has 5 level building and the total passenger terminal
floor area is109,836 m
Besides all the above, KKIA also provide the facilities for Cargo
services whichlocated at south of Terminal 1 with 5,411m
KKIA has considered the public and customer requirement on access and vehicleparking space. It has 1,400 open parking spaces and 142 closed parking space. Thesetwo parking areas are specifically for airport staff and public for both Terminal 1 andTerminal 2.
Currently, KKIA is a major huband destinations for the localand international airlines asshown in Figure 4.KKIA currently served differentairlines from differentcontinental from the North; itserved China, Japan, Taiwanand Philippines. To the South,it served Indonesia and Australia.
Over the past six years, KKIA has made some refurbishments to its
commercialzone and has enlarged and renovated Terminal 1. Based on
the Terminal 1 layoutdesign
For departure process, the airport authority will always take into account thesmooth access to the airport. There are ample parking lots available for those who aredriving to the airport. There are also drop-off zones for fast departure process wherebythe sender can drop their passenger at the departure kerbside to allow fast movementstraight to the check-in counter for departure processing. Passenger shall be providedwith adequate and clear signage to direct passenger to the parking lot area or to thedrop off zone.
On the other hand, for passengers who took other mode of public transportationshall have the access to the passenger drop-off zone on the same level as the check-inconcourse area. This is to ensure that walking distances are kept to a minimum andsmooth flow to the terminal check-in zone. In the check-in area there are bothconventional and self-check-in machines. Passengers would be able to use the normalcheck-in counter to check-in or baggage drop-off. Currently there are three check-inislands which are sub-divided into three categories; Sabah, Sarawak, Semenanjung andInternational. The intention with this check-in hall, as with most well-designedcontemporary ones, is to allow passengers to orientate themselves as easily aspossible
The terminal design has taken into the considerations the space of the check-inconcourse area is to streamline passenger flows as well as to improve passenger comfort. The airport authority and airlines has coordinated the service level on themaximum time for check-in process for each passenger to the satisfactory level. Oncecheck-in, passengers would have a very short walk to security, which is convenientlysituated right behind the check-in.
Security check on the baggage will be screen prior proceeding to the check-inprocess. This is to ensure the airport safety policy and procedures and also the safety of other passengers and airline as well. The passenger will have to go through the fullsecurity check and screening before entering the immigration hall. Security screeningevolves into a continuous flow process with designated lanes based on passenger profiles. The immigrations check process also has been segregated into three differentcategory which is Sabah (Domestic), International Semenanjung, Sarawak and Labuan.The main reason for the segregations is based on the local state governmentrequirement.
Once through security, the retail and concessions area are open
and easy tonavigate. Prior to the departure, the passenger can
wander about the retail area whiletreat themselves a variety of
culinary delicacies which is proximity to the departure gate.More
restaurants, cafes, seating areas, shops and souvenir booths have
been added to
|e) Immigration and Customs Counter
Passengers travelling for internationaldestination prefer for fast immigration clearance.This could be done with the airport authority or planner providing multiple immigration countersmanned by the authorities to speed up the
immigration process. There were “Auto Gate” counters for Malaysia Citizen who travels
abroad and the process will take within 1 minutes. The airport authority also provides s
pecial Lane for VIP‟s, Airline Crew Members and Ambassador‟s for faster immigration
As for the Custom‟s clearance
the Green Lane Counters were provided for thosebaggage clearance if do not have any controlled or prohibited goods to declare andhave not exceeded the Duty Free Concession or Goods and Services Tax relief. Morecustoms counters were provided for the passengers to access through after theyreclaimed their baggage. A security screening machines were provided to screen anysuspicious baggage at every counters
|f) FIDS and
Passengers travelling to domesticand international destination would refer totheir Flight information once they reach theairport
terminal. Their normal expectationwill be the Flight departure time, departuregates and check in counters information. As such it
is very important to position theFIDS at the strategic locations which will enable the passengers to gather the flight
information‟s at their convenience. The FIDS should be visible to everyone and the flightinformation‟s should be up to date.
Signage is any kind of visualgraphicscreated to display information
to a particular audience.This is typically manifested in the
form of way findinginformation
|g) Business Lounges
Passengers flying first or business class with any airline or those eligible for lounge access in line with their frequent flyer programme would prefer to spend their time while waiting to board their aircraft. This lounges features shower facilities, free
WiFi, prayer room, laptops available on request, dine from the lounge‟s ala carte menu
while they can watch news or entertainment programmes on flat screen TVs, andbrowse through daily newspapers and magazines. Passengers prefer the lounges to bespacious and the ambience is calm and relaxed.
|h) Holding Lounges
Passengers will be stationed here after thesecurity check point before they proceed to board theaircraft. The airport planner should consider thepassenger load and the level of services required at theparticular lounges. Comfortable and adequate seatingplaces, adequate space for elderly and parents withchild, use of natural light as well as adequate lightings, air conditioning, entertainmentsuch as flat screen TVs and internet facilities, audible information announcement, washrooms and the queuing process and procedure are important in order to measure thelevel comfort of passengers
|i) Retail Outlets
The commercial offer of shops, food and beverage has been designed on two levelswith wide open spaces. A full range of duty free products as well as local brand beingoffered at both KKIA (T1) and (T2
Most airlines prefer the taxiways to be safe, fluent and provide expeditiousmovement for their aircraft. They expect the airport planner or the designer will providethe shortest and most expeditious connection of the runway with the apron and other areas of the airport such as cargo area. This will minimize the manoeuvre time of theaircraft and also saves the fuel consumption of an aircraft which has a significant impacton the environment.
The terminal structure‟s design was inspired by the State‟s
natural beauty. The
gentle double wave roof form reflects the surrounding mountains and
waves of theenchanting South China Sea. The Departure hall column
head design reflectivelyinspired by
the „Wakid‟ basket design. A „Wakid‟ was a symbolic native practice
Kota Kinabalu International Airport (KKIA) Sabah was one of the MAHB operatedinternational airport after KLIA (Kuala Lumpur International Airport), Sepang. KKIA is thesecond busiest airport in Malaysia in terms of passenger volume and becomes crucialairport by revenue to MAHB as well.
KKIA was located about 8km southwest of the city centre, Kota
Kinabalu and it isthe main gateway to Sabah and the island of
Borneo. Most of the travellers fly to KotaKinabalu for the purpose
of leisure and business. The Sabah government has initiatedthe plan
to boost the Sabah economy by introducing the eco-tourism industry
Terminal 1 Car Park.
1,400 car park and dedicated Car Park Facilities
Plenty of vacant parking lots
Too many of these kerbside parking that
render the Airport Management staff helplessly do not know what to
Some car-owner passengers travelling would prefer to park their vehicles at the designated car parks provided at the airport terminal.
Airport is providing dedicated short-term parking lots for the public.
The car is only a short walking distance to the terminal.
First flight date 19/01/2010
|More about Airport Bus in KKIA|
Kota Kinabalu International Airport (Terminal 1) in June 2008 and December 2009
2008-06-05 THU 11:55
Old Building (replaced with New wing phase 2)
as in June 2008
Jesselton Airport in 1959
Photo Source : Sabah Government Archieve
Built by the Japanese during their occupation in World-War II as a military airfield.
After the war in 1945, the Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) of North Borneo (now Sabah) took charge of the operations and maintenance of the airport.
It was ungraded to an airport with additional use for civil aviation and scheduled flights. Known as Jesselton Airfield (Kota Kinabalu was previously known as Jesselton).
It was initially a grass strip measuring 1,125 meters long which was suitable for Douglas DC-3s.
In 1957 when the runway was resurfaced with bitumen and a new terminal building was also constructed.
More about :
History of Kota Kinabalu Airport
Photo above : Kota Kinabalu International Airport (KKIA) TERMINAL 1
Kota Kinabalu International Airport (KKIA)
consists for two terminals: Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.
|Terminal 1 is Kota Kinabalu International Airport’s main
terminal and is divided into 3 levels.
Level 1 for arrivals, Level 2 for mainly airline offices and within-Sabah departures, and Level 3 for International and Sarawak / West Malaysia departures.
Forex and ATMs
Left Luggage Facilities
Locker storage is available at RM5 for every 2 hours;
Kota Kinabalu International Airport
is an Asean-China air travel hub.
It also features duty-free shops, other shops, lounges, travel agents, restaurants, and many others.
Terminal 1 opened for commercial use on August 19, 2008. but the whole project was completed only in May 2010.
It will also have a place for small
aircraft passengers. After the whole terminal was completed, the
first wing will be accommodating international flights while the
second wing will be for domestic flights. After completion, Terminal
1 would be equipped with:
international flights from Asian Countries including Osaka, Seoul, Hong Kong, Manila, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, and Singapore
Kinabalu City with its many hotels and resorts house many tourists
before they venture to islands and mountains of Sabah.
|Taxi from KKIA Terminal 1 to the
City center such as Suria Sabah is Rm 30.00
Buy the Taxi ticket at airport counter before approaching the Taxi.
|Kota Kinabalu International Airport (KKIA) is located 8 km
southwest of Kota Kinabalu City.
The second busiest airport in Malaysia after Kuala Lumpur International Airport with 4 million passenger movements in 2006.
In 2007, 2.5 million unique tourists visited Sabah through KKIA.
The airport first began as Jesselton Airfield, a Japanese military airfield built during World-War II.
Towards the end of the war,
the airfield suffered severe bombings by Allied Forces until the
surrender of the Japanese army in 1945.
In 1957 a new terminal was built and the runway been extended to
1,593 meters long to enable the operation of Malaysia Airways
Viscount aircraft. In 1963, further expansion of the runway to
1,921 meters long to cater for Comet 4 operations. Commercial
flights and passenger arrivals gradually increased and a larger
terminal building was needed to accommodate this increase.
In the 1980s, a newer and larger terminal building was built on the Western side of the runway for all commercial flights.
Since then KK has two airport terminal, the New Airport Terminal (West end now Terminal 1) and the Old Airport (the original terminal at the East end now Terminal 2)
In 1992, Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad took over management and operations of the airport. Further expansion project began in 2006 for both terminals, and in January 2007 the first original terminal was named Terminal 2, and the other newer secondary but main terminal was known as Terminal 1.
2005, Malaysian federal government approved a major renovation
and extension project of KKIA worth RM1.4 billion. The new
airport terminal building will be able to accommodate four Boeing
747s, one Airbus A330, seven Boeing 737s, three Fokker 50s and three
Dorniers at any one time. It will also have 12 jet ways for passenger
KKIA became the second largest airport in Malaysia with an annual capacity of 12 million passengers — 9 million from Terminal 1 and 3 million from Terminal 2.
AirAsia is expected to start flying to Guilin, Xiamen, Hong Kong and Vietnam in 2009. Sabah Government is optimistic in targeting more visitors from Hong Kong, Taiwan, China, South Korea, Japan and Russia.
AirAsia plans to make Kota Kinabalu the main hub for flights from China to Malaysia due to Kota Kinabalu being the nearest Malaysian hub to China.
The RM1.4bil makeover of the Kota
Kinabalu International Airport started operational on August 19,