Last Updated on Saturday, 01 May, 2021 02:13:09 PM


Damselflies of Borneo  >  Family Protoneuridae  >  Prodasineura verticalis


Prodasineura verticalis
Found in Asia: China, Malaysia, Peninsular Malaysia

Prodasineura verticalis is found in Asia: China, Malaysia, Peninsular Malaysia

Of the Family Prodasineura, Prodasineura verticalis humeralis is one of the most widely encountered . Similar marking occurs in the female but is paler . It is found in a wide range of lowland forest but is most common on small to medium-sized streams in mixed dipterocarp forest. It often perches on riverside vegetation, but when on the wing it can be extremely inconspicuous.
Females generally oviposit alone, typically in root masses in the riverbanks .

Damselflies have a pair of inferior appendages and a pair superior appendages, i.e.., totally four appendages. Dragonflies have a pair of superior appendages and a single inferior one, totally three.
In damselflies the male clasp the prothorax of the female. In dragonflies the male clasp the female back of the head. Those appendages will only fit into the same species female. 

 


Ovipositor of a female damselfly  Prodasineura verticalis
Ovipositor of a female damselfly Prodasineura verticalis


♀37mm
2017-05-30 SG. TAWAU RIVER
Ovipositor Structure:
1- Paired Valves with stylus
2- Cutting Basal blade

short Cerci (Anal appendage)


Teneral (newly emerged) FEMALE Matured FEMALE

A teneral (newly emerged) female Prodasineura verticalis humeralis still in pale color.
 

A female Prodasineura verticalis humeralis.

Widely encountered in Sabah . Prodasineura verticalis humeralis is found in a wide range of lowland forest streams in mixed forest. It often perches on riverside vegetation.

A closer look at a teneral (newly emerged) female Prodasineura verticalis humeralis. When teneral the grayish-black color is completely different with the bright orange-striped color. I thought it was a new species.

 

But the thorax unchanged pattern, especially a dark spot at the wing base, gave us the identification.
   

MALE FEMALE

Male thorex is marked in red/orange and can be easily confused with Prodasineura humeralis.

Female has similar marking with the male but in female is more paler and yellowish.

A male Prodasineura verticalis humeralis.
Small and slender build. The abdomen is 1.5 times the length of the hind wing.
The pterostigma is diamond-shaped and not long.
 
Prodasineura verticalis is superficially like an E. analis. The two species are sometimes found flying together,

Segment 2 a male Prodasineura verticalis humeralis (Selys, 1860).
 

Male anal appendages are robust and squat as long as the last abdominal segment (segment 10)

Ovipositor (segment 8, 9 and 10) of the above young female Prodasineura verticalis humeralis.
Female Prodasineura verticalis humeralis usually oviposit alone in root masses in the riverbanks.


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