Updated On : Friday, 16 April, 2021 09:46:57 AM

Flora of Borneo  >  Genus Hibiscus  >  Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: H. rosa-sinensis

Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in Malvaceae family. The genus comprise several hundred species.

This genus has a tremendous range of colors and variation in bloom formation.

There are thousands of new cultivars (hybrids) and varieties with gigantic blooms in magnificent multi-colored tones in wonderful textures!

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is one of the popularly known species  comprising of  250+ species. This tropical hibiscus species has 6,000+ registered named cultivars and varieties.

This fast growing evergreen perennial shrub tree that can reach about 5+ meters tall.

Most garden varieties reach 3 meters in height.

Different cultivar has different growth habit which  may be
1- dwarfish,
2- tall,
3- upright,
4- sprawling.

Foliage is mostly medium to dark green and glossy, in varying size, shape and texture. Leaves are broadly ovate or lanceolate, mostly with serrated or scalloped margins and sometimes lobed.

Some cultivars have beautiful variegated leaves in green and speckled white and pink or red.

Flowers on the other hand varies extensively due to the thousands of cultivars and varieties that have been developed over the many centuries and still ongoing currently with increased momentum by hybridizers and hobbyists alike.

Flower colors are splendidly varied, ranging from a single color or two to many dazzling combinations.

Bloom sizes range from miniature 7.6-12.7 cm (3-5 inches) to regular size up to 20 cm (8 inches), with some cultivars (hybrids) as large as 25 cm (10 inches) in diameter.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Blooms Petal formation and textures are  varied.

1- single (5 base petals),

2- crested single (with an extended cluster of petaloids at the top of the staminal column besides the 5 base petals),

3- double (extra petals besides the 5 base petals)

4- cup and saucer double (five base petals with petaloids sitting on it like  a cup on a saucer).

Petals mostly in the shapes of :

1- narrow
2- rounded
3- broad
4- smooth
5- crinkled
6- simple edged
7- ruffled-edged
8- overlapped
9- flared
10- reflexed

Red Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 紅朱槿
A typical single bloom has 5 petals with a long central staminal tube bearing numerous stamens that surround the style and 5 stigma. Flowers are solitary in upper leaf axils. Though individual flowers that are mostly unscented last only a day, at most 2 days for a few cultivars, the plant produces them in constant succession throughout the year in warmer tropical regions, just perfect for sunny and bright locations.

Single and double form Red Hibiscus
Some Double Form plants can occasionally produce Single Form flowers too.

‘El Capitolio’ or ‘Variegata’
– 4″ miniature, crested single; blood red with white petal edge

This red variety produces two kinds of bloom,

1- one a single form with 5 red and ruffled base petals

2- another a double form in crested single with the same number of base petals but with whitish edges and having a cluster of extra petals (petaloids) extending from the top of the staminal column.

Orange Colour variety Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Orange Ria 3
Orange Ria 3 - Yellow-orange with dark crimson center

Peach variety Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Taman Semarak Indah 2019-09-13 FRI 17:34

Peach Red Heart DOUBLE with pink in between. Mother plant  at Kuhara Indah. Widespread in location but not many planted in quantity.

This variety  bearing large, peach double blooms with red centers; makes an ideal hedge, screen, or background planting.

Tadika Hidayah Hikmah 2019-07-05 FRI

Peach Red Heart with Pink in between - mother plant in the garden of Tadika Hidayah Hikmah, Tanjung Batu Laut.
Only one plant found in Tawau.

Pink variety Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Kona Double Hibiscus
Kona Double Hibiscus
Hibiscus rosa-sinenesis ‘Kona Double’

Large rich pink, fully double blossoms resembling puffy crepe-paper. When grown in full sun, this fast-growing, free-blooming plant will  heavy flowering. ‘Kona’ makes a beautiful potted plant.

Only One mother plant at Jalan Durian. Only three pink species  in the town.


Life Cycle of a pink  Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.Inflorescence of a pink Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.


Life Cycle of a pink  Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.
Inflorescence of a pink Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.


PERDANAJAYA 2019-08-28  WED 13:24


Red Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 紅朱槿
More about Pink variety Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Red Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Red Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 紅朱槿

Red Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 紅朱槿
single; light pinkish white with magenta pink centre and pale pink veins


Malaysia’s national flower is a single form Hibiscus rosa-sinensis with the 5-petaled blood-red blooms.

Locally known as ‘Bunga Raya’.

This spectacular ornamental shrub is  abundantly grown in Malaysia  especially along roads and highways, lending beauty to the landscape.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Several hundred species
Native to East Asia

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis  朱槿

679 species of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 朱槿 in the world

1- Hibiscus syriacus  木槿(学名:Hibiscus syriacus)
2- Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 朱槿(學名:Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus is quite large, comprising several hundred species that are native to warm temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world.

Yellow variety Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Ranggu 2019-06-26 WED 13:31
So far this is the only tree found in Ranggu.

Semporna 2019-06-23 SUN 17:51

‘Sylvia Goodman’
– 4″ miniature, fringed single; cream or peach-yellow with red eye and white aura

In Tawau only two planted in Jalan Bunga Raya and one at PPR Sri Semarak. But along the road to Semporna, many are planted at oil palm plantation.

White variety Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

White Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 白朱槿
‘Dainty White’
– 3-3.5″ miniature, single; white with orange stamens and creamy yellow stigma

A young flower seller at Flower Stalls in Kundasang Town preparing a life pot of boutique for display.
A young flower seller at Flower Stalls in Kundasang Town preparing a life pot of boutique for display.


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis of Taman Bunga Raya


Web Analytics
Flora of Borneo