Last Updated on Friday, 09 September, 2022 08:51:48 PM


INDEX  >  Fauna of Borneo >


AMPHIBIA - frogs
ARACHNIDA - spiders
AVES - birds
DIPLOPODA - millipedes
GASTOPODA - snails
HIRUDINEA - leeches
INSECTA - insects
MALACOSTRACA - crabs
MAMMALIA - animals
OSTEICHTHYES - fishes
RHABDITOPHORA -  flatworms
SAUROPSIDA - reptiles

 



 

AMPHIBIA 兩棲綱 Amphibia

Frog

 


Argiope aemula (Walckenaer) 1841
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Araneae 蜘蛛目

Argiope aemula (Walckenaer) 1841
The Spiders of Sabah

Photo Left : A pair of Oval St. Andrew's Cross Spider. Big size is the female. The small male is 1/10 of the female.
The brilliantly colored spider with silvery hair on the carapace sits head down in the centre of the web, and holds its legs in pairs in such a way that they appear to be aligned to the four arms of the letter 'X'.

 

 

 


 


AVES 學名
鳥綱(學名:Aves)
 






Insecta (Insects)
INSECTA (Insects)

昆蟲綱(學名:Insecta)

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DAMSELFLIES OF BORNEO


Dragonflies and damselflies are insects belonging to the order Odonata.

The rarer ones are usually those which live deep in the forests.

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DRAGONFLIES OF BORNEO

昆蟲綱(學名:Insecta)
ODONATA 蜻蛉目/蜻蜓目


 

MALACOSTRACA, Malacostraca, 軟甲綱,
Decapoda, 十足目
Order: Decapoda 學名

Crabs and prawns
 


 


Mammalia
Mammals ("breast") are vertebrate animals constituting the class Mammalia (/məˈmeɪliə/), and characterized by the presence of mammary glands which in females produce milk for feeding (nursing) their young, a neocortex (a region of the brain), fur or hair, and three middle ear bones.
 



 

OSTEICHTHYES
硬骨魚高綱 Osteichthyes
Fish
 


Cyrtodactylus yoshii Hikida, 1990
SAUROPSIDA 蜥形綱 / 爬行綱



Cyrtodactylus yoshii Hikida, 1990
2017-08-31 THU 20:30 Bow-fingered Gecko - Cyrtodactylus yoshii
Distribution: Endemic to northern Borneo

Borneo rainforest is the centre of the evolution and distribution of many endemic species of plants and animals. This gecko is one of the endemic species.

REPTILIA 學名 爬行綱
Reptilia, 爬蟲綱
爬行綱(學名:Reptilia)動物通稱爬行動物、爬行類、爬蟲類,是一類脊椎動物,屬於四足總綱的羊膜動物,是包括了龜、蛇、蜥蜴、鱷、鳥類及史前恐龍等物種的通稱。



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Common dragonflies in Borneo Island
Dragonflies of Borneo


"With 275 named species so far recorded in Borneo, the island has one of the richest and most exciting dragonfly faunas in the world. More than 40% of species occur nowhere else, making it the most distinctive sub-region of Sundaland." A Guide to the Dragonflies of Borneo by Albert G. Orr


Ichneumon sp BORNEO
Insects of Borneo

Insects are  diverse and dominant inhabitants of the tropical rainforests in Borneo Island. New species are discovered too often. Entomologists are still struggling to cope with the documentation of tropical insect diversity.


Red Dragonfly of Sabah
Red Dragonfly of Sabah

Most of the common dragonflies in Sabah are red coloured, especially from the family Libellulidae.  Some red pecies are even confused as same species, for example the three species of Genus Neurothemis.


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Dragonflies of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore


Dragonflies are among the most beautiful of insects. Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore are home to more than 230 species (twice the number found in Europe). They include some of the most exquisite forms found anywhere in the World.
 


FLORA
Ficus subgelderi 淡金榕
Fig trees of Sabah

Borneo has 150 species of wild fig trees. Most of them are found in forests of Sabah.


FISHERIES
Tiger Prawn Farms in Tawau
Tiger Prawn Farms in Tawau

Prawn farming is a main commercial activities in Tawau. Spawners from Tawau are graded the best in Malaysia. For decades, Tawau has been exporting high-grade tiger prawns to several countries such as Korea, Japan, Taiwan, China, Vietnam, Singapore, Egypt and Australia.




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Damselflies of Borneo