Last Updated on Monday, 11 April, 2022 07:59:57 PM


INDEX  >  Dragonflies of Borneo  >  Red Dragonfly of Sabah in Borneo Island


Red Dragonfly of Sabah
Red Dragonfly of Sabah in Borneo Island
(Including dark brown colour)

Dragonflies are beautiful creatures on earth. Dragonflies in nature bring out nostalgic memories back to the past when insects are playmates of our early childhood.

After the torrential monsoon rains, they are seen in abundance in the wet lands along with damselflies.
These wonderful organisms enhance the beauty of our nature.


RED COLOURED DRAGONFLIES of Borneo:
 

There are 21 common red species of dragonflies found in Sabah. All from the Family Libellulidae:

Camacinia gigantea
Lathrecista asiatica
Urothemis signata
Agrionoptera insignis
Hydrobasileus croceus
Lyriothemis cleis
Neurothemis x3 species
Nannophya pygmaea
Onychothemis culminicola
Orthetrum testaceum
Orthetrum chrysis
Orthetrum pruinosum
Pantala flavescens
Rhodothemis rufa
Tramea transmarina
Tholymis tillagra
Trithemis aurora
Urothemis signata
Neurothemis

Dragonflies from the other two common families are either dark green or brown colour.


Urothemis signata MaleUrothemis signata Female
Urothemis signata



Tramea transmarina
Tramea transmarina

Female no record.


Pantala flavescensPantala flavescens
Pantala flavescens

 


Onychothemis culminicolaFamilyLibellulidae/Genus_Onychothemis/OnychothemisCulminicola/Onychothemis_culminicola_178b100.jpg
Onychothemis culminicola



Nannophya pygmaea

No record of female


Lyriothemis cleis
Lyriothemis cleis

No record of female


Hydrobasileus croceus
Hydrobasileus croceus

No record for female

Camacinia gigantea
Camacinia gigantea

♀50mm
body length = 50mm
hind wing = 48mm
wingspan = 100mm
 

Wildspread inAsia but rare in Borneo.


Agrionoptera insignis
Agrionoptera insignis

Female 43mm 2008-07-13 TAWAU
Male 42mm 2007-09-23 TAWAU


Urothemis signata MaleUrothemis signata Female
Urothemis signata

Male ♂42mm 2007-10-13 DRAGONFLY POND
Female 44mm 2007-11-25 DRAGONFLY POND


Trithemis aurora
Trithemis aurora
Trithemis aurora

Male 2005-07-11 BUKIT GEMOK
Female ♀ 2007-02-05 BUKIT GEMOK


Orthetrum chrysis Male Orthetrum chrysis Female
Orthetrum chrysis


Orthetrum pruinosum
Orthetrum pruinosum


Orthetrum testaceum Male
Orthetrum testaceum

Male 49mm
2016-02-23 VOCATIONAL COLLEGE


Lathrecista asiatica MaleLathrecista asiatica
Lathrecista asiatica

Male 46mm 2007-09-12 SG TAWAU
Female ♀43mm 2007-09-16 SG TAWAU


Rhodothemis rufa MALERhodothemis rufa FEMALE
Rhodothemis rufa

Male 43mm 2008-05-04 DRAGONFLY POND
Female 44mm 2008-05-04 DRAGONFLY POND
Easily mistaken as an Orthetrum. Found in weedy pond. Not common in Malaysia.


Tholymis tillarga
Tholymis tillarga

Male ♂43mm
2016-09-20 BUKIT GEMOK


Neurothemis terminata Neurothemis fluctuans Neurothemis ramburii
MALE
Bright Red
MALE
Dark Red
MALE
Bright Red
Bigger
( hw, 28-32 mm)
Smaller
(hw, 21-25 mm)
Bigger
( hw, 28-32 mm)
FEMALE

Female are 2 types:
1) Clear Wings
2) Dark Wings

FEMALE

Only 1 type:
1) Clear Wings

FEMALE

Female are 2 types:
1) Clear Wings
2) Red Wings
Neurothemis terminata Female
Neurothemis terminata Female
Neurothemis fluctuans Female Neurothemis ramburii Female
Neurothemis ramburii Feale
     
     
     

Spider Web Dragonfly net

In India the local people in the forest area use a special Dragonfly net to catch these flies cleverly. The net is made and used in a very simple way . A long twig is cut ,the apical end is made round or oval in shape and tied tightly. The rounded or oval part is twisted in the spider web( which is easily available in the forest area , of the Giant spider) two or three times until it is covered by the web as a thin film. Then the same is placed on the body of the Dragonfly /Damselfly carefully. Immediately , the insect tries to fly , but it is entangled in the spider web and we can catch the same very easily.


RELATED  TOPICS


Eyes of a male Brachydiplax chalybea
The compound eyes of dragonflies

Dragonflies and damselflies have large compound eyes that can see in all directions. When the compound eye is magnified several hundred times, each individual facet (ommatidium) is shown to be hexagonal in shape.



Ovipositor (Vulvar Lamina)
of Female Dragonflies and Damselflies

Female dragonflies have either one of the two method of depositing eggs from the abdomen:
1- using Ovipositor Structure
2- using Vulvar Lamina

Male do not have an ovipositor. Instead male dragonfly and damselfly have appendages.



GO FURTHER


FLORA
Ficus subgelderi 淡金榕
Fig trees of Sabah

Borneo has 150 species of wild fig trees. Most of them are found in forests of Sabah.


FISHERIES
Tiger Prawn Farms in Tawau
Tiger Prawn Farms in Tawau

Prawn farming is a main commercial activities in Tawau. Spawners from Tawau are graded the best in Malaysia. For decades, Tawau has been exporting high-grade tiger prawns to several countries such as Korea, Japan, Taiwan, China, Vietnam, Singapore, Egypt and Australia.




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Damselflies of Borneo